“The mechanics of oppressing people is to pervert them to the extent that they become the instruments of their own oppression.” – Kumasi, from Crips and Bloods: Made in America
Overt and Covert Racism what does it look like in:
- Health and Human Services
The Civil Rights Act of 1866, 14 Stat. 27-30, enacted April 9, 1866, is a United States federal law that was mainly intended to protect the civil rights of African-Americans, in the wake of the American Civil War.
- The Act was enacted by Congress in 1865 but vetoed by President Andrew Johnson.
- In April 1866 Congress again passed the bill.
- Although Johnson again vetoed it, a two-thirds majority in each house overcame the veto and the bill became law. 
- Formally titled ‘An Act to protect all Persons in the United States in their Civil Rights, and furnish the Means of their vindication’, the Act declared that people born in the United States and not subject to any foreign power are entitled to be citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude.
What major item the American Southern plantation owners and the Northern merchants lost after the Civil War?
free labor Free labor. free labor
Harvard University and its forgotten History of Slavery
read book at the link below
Although provisions were put into place for the Ex – Slave Owners [United States Ex – Slave Owners Registration Bureau] because they lost $800,000,000 worth of legitimate property when the Proclamation of Emancipation was issued.
NOTHING was put into place for the Ex – Slaves and “Land Allocation Efforts Stymied by the Johnson Administration”.
• In the United States, Southern cotton provided capital for the continuing development of the North. The cotton produced by enslaved African Americans not only helped the South, but also enriched Northern merchants. Much of the Southern cotton was transshipped through the northern ports.
• Cotton remained a key crop in the Southern economy after emancipation and the end of the Civil War in 1865. Across the South, sharecropping evolved, in which free black farmers and landless white farmers worked on white-owned cotton plantations of the wealthy in return for a share of the profits.
• (In the American South, for example, Blacks wanted full economic independence while White plantation owners sought an equivalent to slave labor.) 
13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery
• Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. 
•He made some two or three months ago a contract with the County of Shelby county, which includes Memphis to take all persons sentenced to the workhouse; this, in the last few weeks, increased his force to more than a hundred hands……
Birth of the Cradle to Prison Pipeline
~~~Civil Rights in 1953~~~